GMAIL How to secure Wireless Networks | Security Learner's Blog

Thursday, 17 April 2014

How to secure Wireless Networks

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::Secure Wireless Network part 1:::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Threats to Wi-Fi Implementations

Radio waves can penetrate through walls there is a great chance of unauthorized access to the network and data. Because of its broadcasting nature, anybody can sniff the network for valuable credentials. If the network is not properly secured the attacker will get sufficient data to launch an attack.

In brief the following cases may happen.

i) The attacker may search for available wireless networks in the close proximity. If the Access Point( AP) is open the attacker can avail the network without any effort.

ii) The attacker can directly log in to the Access Point using default credentials and configure the device in whatever way he wants.

iii) The attacker can sniff the network for configuration details such as SSID(Service Set Identifier) , BSSID(Basic Service Set Identification ), encryption used, channel used etc. He can capture sufficient packets to launch an attack.

iv) The attacker can install a fake Access Point and lure(like advertising free internet access) users to connect to the rogue AP.

v) The attacker can disrupt the normal functioning of the network.

Securing AP/ Router

As far as a user is concerned, securing Access Point ensures the primary level of security. In this document configuration settings of an AP/Router that is installed in a typical home network is discussed.

1. Change Administrator Password

An attacker can easily find out the default password. It must be changed. Ensure that the admin password is strong enough.

2. Prefer Wi-Fi Protected Access(WPA2 Preferably) instead of Wired Equivalent Privacy(WEP).

WPA’s salient features are strong encryption algorithm, user authentication and support for IEEE 802.1X . Use Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) or WPA2 with Pre-Shared Key (PSK) authentication and AES as the encryption standard. The pass phrase should be strong enough.

3. MAC Address Filtering

Access of the clients can be permitted or prevented by providing a list of MAC Addresses in the “MAC Address filter” configuration parameter. This is known as MAC Address filtering. Together with SSID this can also used as a security measure. Select the MAC Address of all the wireless Network interface cards used in the network. The list can be used to permit or prevent the wireless access .

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I am Fida Hussain,a computer student from Pakistan. Right from the day one I was introduced to computers,I had a passion for Hacking and Information security. So,I started this blog in 2012 to share my views and ideas with the world.


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